<< this experiment [..] combined nanotechnology with acupuncture needles >>
AA << developed porous acupuncture needles (PANs) with fine pores ranging in sizes from nanometers (one billionth of a meter) to micrometers (one millionth of a meter) on the surface of the needles using a nano-electrochemical method >>
<< PANs are expected to be as effective as conventional large and long needles by minimizing the sense of pain during acupuncture treatment while expanding the surface area of the needle 20 times greater than conventional acupuncture ones >>
<< Through electrophysiological experiments with rats [AA] proved that PANs excel in transferring signals from a spinal dorsal horn by the in vivo stimulation of Shenmen (HT7) points, and in particular, demonstrated that the efficacy of PANs is superior to conventional acupuncture needles in treating alcohol and cocaine addiction in animal experiments >>
Applying nanotechnology to make porous acupuncture needles. Oct 17, 2016.
Su-ll In, Young S. Gwak, et al. Hierarchical Micro/Nano-Porous Acupuncture Needles Offering Enhanced Therapeutic Properties. Nature. Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 34061 (2016)